Energy poverty is a lack of access to electricity and reliance on biomass fuels (e.g., fuelwood, charcoal, dung, crop residues) for cooking, heating, lighting, small-scale business and industry. Energy poverty has massive implications for climate, environment, human health and well-being.  Over half of the global population is dependent on woody biomass as their main source of fuel. This theme focuses on evaluating strategies for mitigating energy poverty including promoting improved cookstoves, tree planting, and diffusion of micro-grid systems.

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